How to prevent bicycle accidents and injuries

To prevent bicycle accidents and injuries, these are some safety tips:

  • The bicycle should be the appropriate size for the rider.
  • Always wear a bicycle safety helmet which must be federally approved.  According to a study, riders without helmets are 14 times more likely to suffer from fatal head injuries compared to those who are wearing head protection.
  • Riders should follow the same traffic laws as motorist.  They should stop at red lights; should not use the walkway; and ride with the flow of traffic.
  • To make themselves visible to other motorists especially during night, riders should wear bright clothing.  Their bicycles should also have reflectors that will allow other road users to see them.
  • Riders should maintain a safe distance to parked cars to prevent being hit by doors which may open.
  • When crossing a pedestrian lane, riders should get off their bicycles.
  • Bicycle riders, just like any motorists, should have 100 percent of their focus on the road and not be distracted by electronics.
  • Respect the right of way of pedestrians.
  • Riders should base their speed on the road condition and volume of traffic.
  • Make sure to use the proper hand signals when stopping, turning, or changing lanes.
  • Be extra careful when crossing intersections.
  • Use the whole lane to make yourself visible and predictable to other motorists.
  • Riders should be extra careful when there is a passing truck or bus which has larger blind spot (rear area of a vehicle where drivers cannot see any object from their side mirrors) than a passenger car.
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